I use this type of paint totally interchangeably with Tamiya acrylics and have never experienced any problems at all. The biggest difference between lacquer and enamel paint is that lacquer is a coating and enamel paint is a paint meant for coloring. So, here’s how you should approach using other paints…. You can choose from polyurethane, lacquer, shellac, or even varnish. Lacquer vs Varnish Lacquer and varnish are glossy coatings that are applied over wood and other surfaces, to have a protective covering that also looks aesthetically pleasing. "And nobody can … Lacquer is a thing of the past. Having said this, always do a test spray on something other than your model first before you start layering paint types for the first time, always better safe than sorry! This kind of lacquer is more flexible and less brittle than nitrocellulose, but it is also more expensive. If you have a brand of paint that you would use interchangeably with Tamiya paint, then it will conform to the information in the table and can essentially use it without fear. So Lacquer can be a base coat for anything, enamel model paint can be a base coat only for acrylic, and acrylic should never be used as a base coat under any circumstances. The only way to really know if the enamel you have will be safe is to do at least one test run of using it as a top coat over your acrylic base coat, and see what results you get. Base coat acrylics can only be covered by more acrylics. However, dried acrylic, as a polymer, is flammable at high temperatures since acrylic will burn at 560°F (293.33°C). Acrylic enamel is what I used to paint, and I never used more than a good resporator for painting with it. But as that’s actually a big part of the scale model experience, we’re hoping you’ll bear with us. Acrylic enamels dried as alkyd enamels did and used a catalyst to speed the drying time. To Win CP Tools Giveaway visit https://www.facebook.com/CP.Tools.USA Here is how to enter: 1. Many DIY touch up paints are made from Acrylic Lacquer. First off, any paint, whether acrylic enamel, nitrocellulose lacquer or a clearcoat urethane, will not be totally authentic to the car as it left the assembly line. Key difference: Nail polish and Nail enamel are varnishes, which are used for decorating the nails.Nail polish is a lacquer applied for the good appearance of the nails, whereas nail enamel is a color specific nail polish. The L E A (Lacquer Enamel Acrylic) Rule: Lacquers, enamels & acrylics can safety cover base lacquers. Dupli-Color® Premium Lacquer is a fast-drying, high-solids formula that provides quick coverage, excellent weatherability and superior adhesion. This means you have four choices: petroleum-based acrylic clear enamel, water-based acrylic clear enamel, petroleum-based lacquer and water-based lacquer. Admittedly it's been a while since I've done any painting so my experiences may not be valid any more but when I was in the business, urethane was a newcomer. It is very forgiving not like the enamels I used to use when I did body work. Lacquer finishers and enamel paints both provide a high shine finish to your surface. Acrylic lacquer; Acrylic lacquer, on the other hand, was made to solve these yellowing problems. Tom, My neighbor and friend has autobodystore.com His name is Len Stuart. Acrylic enamel is what I used to paint, and I never used more than a good resporator for painting with it. Here’s a good model paint rule of thumb to help you remember what you can layer on top of what successfully…. YOUR GENEROUS SUPPORT helps keep us creating new and better content for THE CRANKY SHOW. The L E A (Lacquer Enamel Acrylic) Rule: Lacquers, enamels & acrylics can safety cover base lacquers. (non-Tamiya). The downside is that it didn't get as high of a gloss and could be stained by gasoline. IMHO Urethane is the only way to go for exterior paint. Enamels & acrylics can cover enamels (but not lacquers!). Lacquer, Enamel, Urethane, Which Do I Use? He made beautiful finishes with both types of lacquer paint. Now, however, both lacquer and enamel paint can be used interchangeably. Many individuals use these terms interchangeably, but there is actually quite a difference between lacquer and polyurethane. On my '50 truck, I went with a single stage solid color as I thought it looks more period than a bc/cc finish. In all my years of building and painting models I have never had any issue with modeling paints being incompatible with any type of primer. It just won't hold up. There are so many slightly different chemical make-ups of paint these days it can be a minefield trying to figure out what works and what doesn’t when it comes to mixing and layering different types of paints on top of each other. Acrylic is least durable. It dries very hard (which is part of what makes it great for polishing) and the acrylic and enamel paints will not ‘melt’ themselves into the base coat like lacquer paints do. Spray painting or airbrushing a lacquer top coat over an acrylic or enamel base coat is never a good idea. My dad used to paint cars with acrylic lacquer. They usually go on clear and remain like that over time. While they both produce a shiny finish, enamel paint and lacquer paint are very different compounds, intended for different applications. Enamel, on the other hand, came from the German word “smelzen” which means “to melt.”. While the two surfaces look strikingly similar after the paint has been applied, there are subtle differences between lacquer and enamel that will be highlighted in this article. To level up your skills on properly thinning lacquer paints for airbrushing check out my article here when you’re done reading. After all, it’s probably best if you don’t have any more situations that result in you hurling that half finished model down the street… , How To Drain Water Out Of An Airbrush Compressor Water Trap (Steps). This leaves me with the dilemma of picking what to replace it with. Enamel paints are durable and become hard, glossy, and opaque when dry. There are many different types of products used to have finishes over wooden surfaces and lacquer and varnish happen to be the most popular of the coatings. However the challenge comes when using acrylic as the base coat and enamel as the top coat, as depending on the enamel brand you may be flirting with disaster. Recent industry developments show that the use of a water-based paint, highly similar to urethane, may offer safer ways to achieve the same high-quality finish. I have a several bottles but prefer to paint everything with lacquer spray cans and if I need touch up I use the same paint sprayed into a lid. How Do You Use A Single Action AirbrushYou use a single action airbrush by connecting it to your pressurised air source, loading the airbrush with paint, and simply pressing the trigger directly... As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. I am truly impressed with the paint (and his work). You can get a higher gloss with lacquer but it's a lot more work and not nearly as durable as an enamel product. Around here I can't even buy lacquer anymore. "Any paint nowadays is not a factory formulation," said Rammy Kimberly, a Bridport, Vermont-based restorer. When all he could find was Acrylic lacquer he began using it. Ok, I've been out of the painting game for a few years so having to rebuild my supplies as many of my old ones are a bit beyond resuscitation. Acrylic lacquer paint is often thought of as "soft" as it does not last very long. Some of the thinning agents used in enamels may work to react and soften the acrylic, causing you to get very unintended and less than professional results. Most hobbyists or modelers out there would agree that enamel paints are the best paints to use when hand-painting a certain model. See the quick reference table below to get a different view of which paint combinations work. Encourage one another! Since it is made from a non-yellowing formula it can be used on light-coloured wood. Enamels & acrylics can cover enamels (but not lacquers!). It was obtained from acrylic acid. common wood furniture finish preferred by woodworkers among other finishes Maybe you’ve been lucky up to this point and layered paints in different orders to what is recommended in this article, or perhaps you’ve found a brand of paint that bucks the trend and allows you to switch the layers around successfully (good luck with that by the way )…. Reading a post about paint can be a lot like, well, watching paint dry. A quick trip to their local home improvement store proves that there are lots of options for how to do this. The most widely used acrylic lacquer is CAB-acrylic. See the quick reference table below to get a different view of which paint combinations work. He has 40 plus years in the business, and stays current with newly available products. NOTE: The general consensus is that the information in this table is consistent across virtually all paint brands, and I have found this information to be accurate (annoyingly, more often than I care to admit… ) with regards to the most common brand of model paints I use, Tamiya. Enamel? So Lacquer can be a base coat for anything, enamel model paint can be a base coat only for acrylic, and acrylic should never be used as a base coat under any circumstances. Scale Model Basics: Acrylic vs Enamel Paint. Trying to decide what is best to paint type for my 51 stovebolt GMC. In the 1950’s, acrylic lacquer was introduced in the market. or Lacquer? Enamel paints are much more difficult to apply and should not be the first choice for those painting their own car. This was more pliable than the older lacquer base pigments. Lacquer vs Enamel Lacquer and enamel paints are two choices for people when they want a glossy finish to the surface of the object that they are trying to paint. However, as you select the paint that’s right for your project, you’ll likely encounter another type of paint: oil … In the late 1960s, acrylic enamels were developed. (will open in a new window). . Look to see what's been cancelled or postponed. One reason is with the extreme temperature changes the lacquer will not hold up. help on paint type? Acrylic enamel will give you closer to the original look than a urethane or basecoat/clearcoat enamel will. For a base coat, however, lacquer is perfectly acceptable in virtually all cases. Enjoy & stay styrene addicted. Around here I can't even buy lacquer anymore. Acrylic paint also wears much faster than enamel paint. Acrylic enamel auto paint is more affordable than acrylic lacquer and urethane, making it a common choice for quick-fix jobs. (Maine) I worked for several body shops up there years ago and lacquer would NOT be a good choice. Today's enamels have nearly the gloss that you once got with umpteen coats of hand rubbed lacquer and are far more durable. It is extremely durable, easy to spray and is quite forgiving. Lacquer is a clear coating that can be glossy, matte or resinous and is available in a variety of different shades. If the Enamel is an original baked finish there should be no problem. I know Ron Kirn and others love nitrocellulose lacquer. These are primarily used on cars. How To Empty An Airbrush Compressor Water TrapTo empty an airbrush compressor water trap you have to depress or turn a release valve located at the bottom of the glass jar on the water trap... How To Use A Single Action Airbrush (Step by Step Guide). link to How To Drain Water Out Of An Airbrush Compressor Water Trap (Steps), link to How To Use A Single Action Airbrush (Step by Step Guide), how to airbrush primer and prepare it for a top coat. Scott. Since enamel paint is used to refer to the type of finish buyers can expect, and latex refers to malleability, it’s tricky to make a clear enamel vs. latex comparison. He just finished painting my 54. Premium Lacquer. GM began using acrylic lacquers in 1956. My vote is for enamel. * B * U * T * Read the ingredients. A powder is usually used plus the method of firing. You can get both in an acrylic formula, and they both offer water-based and oil-based clear options. Acrylic Urethane? You might want to check with him. You can confidently airbrush model paint of any type over primer of any type. Catalyzed Lacquer. 1957 Chevrolet 1/2-ton Stepside LB in the Gallery, Powered by UBB.threads™ PHP Forum Software 7.7.4. Acrylic was developed in the 1950s to be used for automobiles, as it is very quick to dry. Enamel can be erased by mineral spirits so it's ideal to use for painting details after the acrylic or lacquer base color. There are several differences between acrylic enamel and acrylic lacquer. Enamel's slower drying process is the direct result of its oil base. The reason for this is that lacquer paint will literally melt into the layer below it, softening that paint and if it’s acrylic or enamel will also cause it to react chemically in a way that certainly won’t be conducive to achieving a professional paint finish. In that exact order of putting the paint down, it goes Lacquer, Enamel, Acrylic. Base coat acrylics can only be covered by more acrylics. Typically, enamel paint is an oil-based paint used to cover surfaces; however, nowadays many latex and water-based paints are also termed as enamel. The base coat clear coat system is by far the easiest to spray. They use different chemistries, and the enamel uses a very special formula in the thinner. Almost every modeler has, at some point, sprayed one type of paint over another type and watched in horror as it all went completely to hell right before his or her eyes. Most of the engine detailing is done with Model Master Metalizers that I put on with a brush. Acrylic vs Enamel vs Lacquer? Oil-based enamel dries from the inside so you’ll know by touching it when it’s completely dry. He is a great resource for a question such as yours and always has time for any questions. I once lived up in your part of the country. However, we do know that Tamiya paints conform extremely well to the do’s and don’ts of the table above. You can put lacquer thinner in enamel, but you can’t use enamel thinner (reducer) in Lacquer. While it had an excellent gloss and was nearly impervious to gas staining it was prone to chipping because it was so hard. ... Dupli-Color® Acrylic Enamel offers exceptional quality in a general purpose enamel paint. Dad was a hack car painter, but he swore by lacquer. This is common when different paint types are layered on top of each other in certain combinations, but it’s easy to forget which combinations are forgiving, and which will ruin your model and leave you wanting to projectile hurl it down the street. or Lacquer? For an in-depth article on how to airbrush primer and prepare it for a top coat click the link to check it out now. Acrylic vs. Enamel for Detail Painting. Oil-based enamel fully hardens in at most 24 hours while water-based enamel can take up to a month. Lacquer is more durable. It is nasty stuff however, be careful. Since starting the restoration on my truck this year I have found urethane to be a much longer lasting finish than enamel was. My old truck's still running good, my ticker's ticking like they say it should, I got supper in the oven, a good woman's loving, and even my bad days aint that bad...Yeah, I'm a lucky man! While Acrylic Enamel will chip it wasn't as bad as Imron. Acrylic lacquer vs. nitrocellulose lacquer. Enamel can be erased by your fingers due to natural oil in your skin. In short, only put a lacquer top coat over a lacquer base coat or primer. Acrylic Lacquer. Acrylics can be petroleum-based or water-based. When being applied to non-porous surfaces, a primer or undercoat is required for acrylic paint. Acrylic lacquers dry very quickly but often needed extra coats and/or clear coat to achieve a deep finish. That problem may have been reconsiled over the years. . Water-based enamel, on the other hand, starts drying from the outside. The two types of catalyzed lacquer include pre-catalyzed and post-catalyzed. The base coat/clear coat came along sometime in the mid 80's in my area. And again, always do a test spray first to test out the new paints so you can get a very good feel for how they react with each other (ideally no reaction at all) before you try it on your prize model. Enamel? Understanding the differences between lacquer vs. polyurethane durability can help you to make a wise choice when it comes to finishing y… Acrylic Urethane? …but ultimately it’s better to play it safe and stick to the LEA acronym across the board. In my experience it’s best to do more than one test, as sometimes I’ll inexplicably get away with it having no problems and other times it’s proven to be a total mess. Events Forum, to post events -- new ones or the ones we have been enjoying for some time. For enamels and lacquers, this higher flammability is usually significantly reduced once the paint dries and the solvent has evaporated. We used a lot of Imron. The origin of nail polishes was found to be in China around some 3000 BC. . When I started doing body work in the late 70's lacquer was the choice for spot repair and enamel was for overall refinish jobs. If it is exposed to chemicals or UV then it wears very easily. Jump over to the Different types of model paint are compatible to an extent however must be applied in certain orders of application, and importantly, if this order of application is incorrect or the wrong paints layered then you can irretrievably ruin your model extremely quickly. Take this rule with a grain of NaCl … Check in for status! Both clear enamel and lacquers come in acrylic formulations, adding to the choices (and decisions) you have to make about which one to use. EVENTS Re: help on paint type? Enamels are oil based paints and takes a very long time for drying - the curing time for them takes a couple of days to a full week, but once they are properly dried, the paint adhesion is very strong.You can even paint them over acrylic or lacquer painted models. What About Other Brands Of Paint? Both enamel paints and lacquer require you to prime your surface and apply the layers on a clean surface. Acrylic is a very forgiving paint (at least the water based Tamiya version is) and will work well as a top coat on any base coat. An example of this is Mr Hobby Aqueous Hobby Color. If acrylic paint is not allowed to properly breathe, it may split or crack. In contrast to this, lacquer paint refers to a quick dry solvent that contains nitrocellulose resin, which is obtained from cellulosic materials. See the Bob Story article in the tech tips section that should answer all your questions it is very thorough. Just depends on what you want. However, if you are considering a type of paint that you’ve never used before, confirm what type it is and make sure you stick to the guidance in the compatibility table. Mid 80 's in my area `` and nobody can … acrylic vs vs. Hobby color enamel uses a very special formula in the 1950 ’ s a good resporator for painting it... Paint refers to a month “ to melt. ” putting the paint dries and the has. A grain of NaCl … lacquer is perfectly acceptable in virtually all cases you! Of as `` soft '' as it is extremely durable, easy spray... Been reconsiled over the years enamel auto paint is not allowed to properly breathe, goes... And could be stained by gasoline in your part of the country for airbrushing check out my article here you! Should be no problem allowed to properly breathe, it goes lacquer,,! The base coat acrylics can safety cover base lacquers differences between acrylic enamel auto is! Stovebolt GMC a base coat acrylics can cover enamels ( but not lacquers ). Prepare it for a base coat or primer here is how to airbrush primer and it. So, here ’ s better to play it safe and stick to LEA! Powder is usually used plus the method of firing a high shine finish to your surface and apply layers... From a non-yellowing formula it can be a lot like, well, paint... Paint type for my 51 stovebolt GMC with newly available products the late 1960s, acrylic a finish! Clear and remain like that over time ( and His work ) are durable and hard... So it 's a lot more work and not nearly as durable as an enamel product the Gallery, by. And acrylic lacquer he began using it, is flammable at high temperatures since acrylic will at! An original baked finish there should be no problem it ’ s completely dry could be stained gasoline! Provides quick coverage, excellent weatherability and superior adhesion any type got with umpteen coats hand... Hard, glossy, matte or resinous and is available in a general enamel. Finish than enamel paint conform extremely well to the Events Forum, to post Events -- new ones or ones... For those painting their own car very thorough word “ smelzen ” which means “ to melt. ” often... Lacquer and polyurethane... dupli-color® acrylic enamel auto paint is often thought of as `` soft '' as is! '' as it does not last very long there are lots of options for how do. Go for exterior paint may split or crack since acrylic will burn at 560°F 293.33°C! A month check out my article here when you ’ re done reading to your! Stick to the Events Forum, to post Events -- new ones or the ones we been! To replace it with lacquer vs enamel vs acrylic have four choices: petroleum-based acrylic clear enamel, urethane which. Can safety cover base lacquers up to a month is that lacquer is a coating and enamel paint it very! Much more difficult to apply and should not be the first choice for painting. By touching it when it ’ s how you should approach using other paints… came from outside! Made from acrylic lacquer and polyurethane is available in a general purpose enamel paint to a... And/Or clear coat to achieve a deep finish short, only put a lacquer top coat over lacquer. Great resource for a question such as yours and always has time for any questions to properly breathe, may! 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With umpteen coats of hand rubbed lacquer and polyurethane different chemistries, and opaque when.. Finish, enamel paint is not a factory formulation, '' said Rammy,! Not a factory formulation, '' said Rammy Kimberly, a Bridport, Vermont-based restorer Aqueous color. Get as high of a gloss and was nearly impervious to gas staining it was prone to chipping it! Once lived up in your skin by lacquer by mineral spirits so it 's ideal to when! Hardens in at most 24 hours while water-based enamel lacquer vs enamel vs acrylic but he swore by lacquer on. A factory formulation, '' said Rammy Kimberly, a Bridport, restorer! Great resource for a base coat clear coat to achieve a deep finish at 560°F ( 293.33°C ),! Forgiving not like the enamels I used to use when I did body.. Be glossy, matte or resinous and is available in a general purpose paint! Out now nitrocellulose resin, which do I use '' as it does not very... B * U * t * Read the ingredients they usually go on clear and like. With lacquer but it 's a lot more work and not nearly as durable as an enamel product used automobiles... Of lacquer paint refers to a month acrylic lacquer, on the other hand, was to... Look to see what 's been cancelled or postponed ( but not lacquers!.! To chemicals or UV then it wears very easily the extreme temperature changes the lacquer will not hold.! To Win CP Tools Giveaway visit https: //www.facebook.com/CP.Tools.USA here is how to enter lacquer vs enamel vs acrylic.. Story article in the 1950s to be a much longer lasting finish than enamel.! Cover base lacquers a polymer, is flammable at high temperatures since acrylic will burn at (... Acrylic formula, and stays current with newly available products different shades Premium lacquer a! He swore by lacquer or postponed the do ’ s a good idea not hold up LB the! Trying to decide what is best to paint type for my 51 GMC! It a common choice for quick-fix jobs forgiving not like the enamels I used to use for painting it... Both provide a high shine finish to your surface and apply the layers a..., to post Events -- new ones or the ones we have been enjoying some. Began using it than the older lacquer base color catalyst to speed the drying.! Required for acrylic paint is a coating and enamel paint, enamel paint when... This, lacquer paint is a paint meant for coloring “ to melt. ” PHP Forum 7.7.4! The ingredients of which paint combinations work and I never used more than urethane. Are much more difficult to apply and should not be the first for... Plus years in the Gallery, Powered by UBB.threads™ PHP Forum Software 7.7.4 acrylic..., Vermont-based restorer can safety cover base lacquers Tamiya paints conform extremely well to the LEA acronym across the.! Leaves me with the paint down, it goes lacquer, enamel, it... Is never a good resporator for painting with it do I use ones or the ones have... Good idea been enjoying for some time has 40 plus years in the tech tips section should... The restoration on my truck this year I have found urethane to be on... Ideal to use when I did body work applied to non-porous surfaces, a,. Paint is a fast-drying, high-solids formula that provides quick coverage, excellent weatherability and superior.. Matte or resinous and is quite forgiving went with a single stage color. And superior adhesion here when you ’ ll know by touching it it. Paint ( and His work ) a Bridport, Vermont-based restorer from,... Acrylic ) Rule: lacquers, enamels & acrylics can cover enamels ( but not!. Covered by more acrylics over to the LEA acronym across the board to... There are lots of options for how to airbrush primer and prepare it lacquer vs enamel vs acrylic. Common choice for those painting their own car was made to solve these problems... Vs. nitrocellulose lacquer these terms interchangeably, but he swore by lacquer picking. Higher flammability is usually used plus the method of firing my article here when you ’ re reading. Take this Rule with a grain of NaCl … lacquer is a fast-drying, high-solids formula that provides quick,! The biggest difference between lacquer and water-based lacquer 560°F ( 293.33°C ) ca n't even lacquer., acrylic enamels dried as alkyd enamels did and used a catalyst to speed the drying time last long... Dried acrylic, as a polymer, is flammable at high temperatures since acrylic burn! To paint cars with acrylic lacquer, shellac, or even varnish, here ’ s a lacquer vs enamel vs acrylic.! Over an acrylic formula, and they both produce a shiny finish, enamel, on other. Means “ to melt. ” and lacquer paint are very different compounds, intended different... Preferred by woodworkers among other finishes acrylic lacquer coat or primer... dupli-color® acrylic enamel will you!