The Philippines needs to deal with a major problem that poses a threat to economic growth. Recognizing the need to tackle the environment issues as well as the need to sustain development and growth, the Philippines came up with the Sustainable Development Strategy. [28], At 04:40 on November 8, 2013, Super Typhoon Haiyan, also known locally as “Yolanda”, made landfall in the Philippines in the Guiuan municipality. [6] According to the Asian Development Bank, the Pasig River is one of the world's most polluted rivers, running through the capital city of Manila. A closer look at the forests of the Philippines Estimates of current forest cover in the Philippines are highly variable between sources. [5], Only 5% of the total population is connected to a sewer network. However, neglecting to have a coherent environmental policy has led to the contamination of 58% of the groundwater in the Philippines. [29][30] Typhoon Haiyan crucially damaged over 1.1 million houses across the country and displaced over 4.1 million people. Based on an analysis of land use pattern maps and a road map an estimated 9.8 million acres of forests were lost in the Philippines from 1934 to 1988. [34] Spanish colonial rule from the 1500s to 1898, America's annexation from 1898 to 1946, Japanese occupation and bombing during World War ll, Ferdinand Marcos' authoritarian regime from 1965 till 1986, and more have all contributed to an urban development focused on globalization, market oriented development, privatization, and decentralization. [9] In total, 46 species are endangered, and 4 were already eradicated completely. 8.Oceans and Fisheries—More than 75 percent of the world’s fisheries are over-exploited and beyond sustainability. Menu. A giant storm would wreak havoc on these informal settlements and cause the deaths and displacement of millions of people who inhabit 25 different coastline cities. However, the outbreak has also impacted the environment in an intriguing way. In the southeast Asian region — where the Philippines is located — the average PM2.5 concentration is 21 μg/m3 annually, over twice the recommended value.The Philippines’ annual PM2.5 concentration rests at 18.4 μg/m3, according to the 2016 WHO report. COVID-19 is affecting the lives of millions of people and, also, the environment. [22], The Philippines is sometimes considered the most dangerous country for environmental activists. We all are aware of the fact that emissions from aut… When a large number of tourists are involved, it invariably leads to a greater use of the transportation system. A poor rice crop can lead to large impacts on the wellbeing of poor Filipino and cause widespread contempt for the government and more support for insurgent groups. [31] Combined with sea level rise, this stratification into more extreme seasons and climates increases the frequency and severity of storm surge, floods, landslides, and droughts. Future projections for the current trajectory of climate change predict that global warming is likely to exceed 3degrees Celsius, potentially 4degrees, by 2060. ... and they may shortly start to be aggravated yet more by climatic change in the wake of the global ‘greenhouse effect’. "Climate Change, Agricultural Production and Civil Conflict: Evidence from the Philippines. Kahana, Ron, et al. Coal has long been the primary power source in the Philippines, and large-scale power plants act as a … [22], In the Philippines, there is a correlation between rainfall and civil conflict, and manifests through agricultural production. [3] Besides severe health concerns, water pollution also leads to problems in the fishing and tourism industries. One of the most devastating … [29], Climate change has had and will continue to have drastic effects on the climate of the Philippines. The Philippine state serves as the steward and manager of the Philippines’ environment as stipulated in Article 22, Section 2, of the 1987; the Constitutional provision went on to mandate the state to come up with policies that would ensure the proper utilization, management, and protection of the country’s natural resources (Rico, 2006). Environmental Degradation and Some Economic Consequences in the Philippines - Volume 15 Issue 3. Natural Environment: Is It Being Destroyed or Protected, Free online plagiarism checker with percentage. Climate change, heavy rains, and increased temperatures are linked with the increased transmission of vector and waterborne diseases like malaria, dengue, and diarrhea (who). This study aims to inform these efforts through an in-depth examination of varying factors that affect upward mobility and middle-class expansion in the Philippines. [22] In 2009, the Philippines had the third highest number of casualties from natural disasters with the second most victims. For the past few years, companies from around the world have found ways to use the potential of tidal hydrokinetic energy to furnish clean, reliable power. [17] Annually, the air pollution causes more than 4,000 deaths. [22] There will also be an increase in: the number of days that exceed 35degree C; that have less than 2.5 mm of rainfall; and that have more than 300mm of rainfall. About us. [23] Nevertheless, the country is highly vulnerable to the effects of climate change. In addition, the country is surrounded by large bodies of water and facing the Pacific Ocean where 60% of the world's typhoons are made. [22], Climate change and global warming and the rising amounts of CO2 in the atmosphere has contributed to ocean warming and ocean acidification. With more than 100 million people currently living in the Philippines, it is ranked as the 12thmost populous country in the world. "Gendered vulnerabilities of, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Pasig River in Manila, one of the world's most polluted rivers, Department of Environment and Natural Resources, List of protected areas of the Philippines, List of threatened species of the Philippines, "Country Environmental Analysis for Philippines", "Philippines: Meeting Infrastructure Challenges", "Manila Water Company: Manila Water to build P105-M sewage treatment plant in Taguig", "Case study of sustainable sanitation projects. The Philippines has employed a whole-of-government and whole-of-society approach to SDG implementation. [22] The increased chance of extreme weather events would reduce hydropower production, which accounts for 20% of the country's energy supply, as well as cause widespread damage to energy infrastructure and services. [22] From 2006 to 2013, the Philippines experienced a total of 75 disasters that cost the agricultural sector $3.8 billion in loss and damages. Climate change is expected to affect every country in the world, but its impact will not be felt equally across all regions. [33] The agricultural sector is expected to see an estimated annual GDP loss of 2.2% by 2100 due to climate impacts on agriculture. [32] Climate change is expected to amplify the seasonal variation of rainfall in the Philippines and exacerbate ongoing civil conflict in the country. Plastic is dumped in waterways and shorelines, a consequence of waste management issues and poverty. Among the injustices faced by racial and ethnic minority communities, one aspect that is frequently overlooked is the effect of discrimination on the environment that the community is based in. [33] For example, climate change is linked to increase civil conflict in the Mindanao region which increases the number of casualties and deaths of young men in the area. [33] This effectively widows women married to those men and leaves them on their own to take care of them and their children, even when the society and government makes it difficult for single mothers to succeed. The heavy rains and increased temperatures lead to increased humidity which increases the chance of mosquito breeding and survival. [22] Increases in extreme weather events will have devastating affects on agriculture. [22] Coral reefs and mangroves also act as important feeding and spawning areas for many fish species that many fisher folk depend on for survival. Being a country that lies in the Pacific Ring of Fire, it is prone to earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. One devastating effect: increase in the number of tropical cyclones and storms. Time to stem the tide of plastic pollution, writes Henrylito D. Tacio, describing what plastics are, how much we use them, their harmful effects and environmental impacts, plus positive industry actions taken to reverse plastic-related problems and pollution.. DAVAO, 27 June 2018.Filipinos, particularly businessmen, seemed to heed the advice that was given to Oscar-nominated Dustin … [37] Kalikasan People's Network for the Environment recorded 46 deaths in 2019. Since it takes 30–35 years for a second-growth forest to mature, loggers had no incentive to replant. Ethnic and religious fault-lines that run through the country continue to produce a state of constant, low-level civil war between north and south. About us – The Asia Foundation is a nonprofit international development organization committed to improving lives across a dynamic and developing Asia. In 2009, Tropical Storm Ketsana cost the Philippines $33 million to repair damaged roads and bridges. [28] Specifically in the Philippines, average temperatures are “virtually certain” to see an increase of 1.8 to 2.2 degrees Celsius. According to scholar Jessica Mathews, short-sighted policies by the Filipino government have contributed to the high rate of deforestation: The government regularly granted logging concessions of less than ten years. The problem of overpopulation is one of the factors that causes unemployment. [19] While most local government units establish a Material Recovery Facility (MRF), implement segregation at the source, and collect and process all recyclable and biodegradable materials, most of the municipal solid wastes are either disposed in the dump sites or openly burned which further worsen the quality of heavy polluted air in the cities. Overpopulation is the root of almost all problems in the Philippines and for the country to progress, it only needs to solve overpopulation and everything else will follow. 2.Energy—For big energy users, resource and energy productivity may become a major point of strategic advantage (or disadvantage if they don’t learn to properly utilize future and existing resources). [10] Illegal logging occurs in the Philippines [11] and intensify flood damage in some areas.[12]. Now in its third phase, PBC is strengthening environmental law enforcement to improve biodiversity conservation in the country. [28] It is located within a region that experiences the highest rate of typhoons in the world, averaging 20 typhoons annually, with about 7–9 that actually make landfall. If you want to make thi… [38] The group said activists have also been harassed, vilified, "red-tagged," and labeled as terrorists or "enemies of the state. [22] Droughts and reduced rainfall leads to increased pest infestations that damage crops as well as an increased need for irrigation. chemicals that deter and eliminate certain pest populations including insects [7] The first Philippine constructed wetland serving about 700 households was completed in 2006 in a peri-urban area of Bayawan City which has been used to resettle families that lived along the coast in informal settlements and had no access to safe water supply and sanitation facilities. [26] 16 of its provinces, including Manila, Benguet, and Batanes, are included in the top 50 most vulnerable places in Southeast Asia, with Manila being ranked 7th. India: Dumping Ground for Developed Countries? For example, in addition to being one of the world's most vulnerable cities to climate change due to geographical location, Manila has also been shaped by globalization and abides by many tenants of neoliberal urbanism, including "a strong focus on private sector led development, attracting global capital, market oriented policies and decentralization".These cities experience challenges to their own climate resilience due to this double exposure to climate change and globalization, where many cities are most at risk to climate events in addition to having a large percentage of the population live in informal settlements with weak infrastructure.Four million people, or about a third of Manila's population, lives in informal settlements which puts them at higher risk and danger from tropical storms and flooding, and they often have fewer resources available to recover from damages caused by environmental hazards. One big issue is the economy, Philippines do have the means to prosper economically but some of us are lazy. The Philippines’ second Voluntary National Review emphasizes the synergies between government and non-government actions required to ensure inclusiveness and equality. Philippines - Philippines - The period of U.S. influence: The juxtaposition of U.S. democracy and imperial rule over a subject people was sufficiently jarring to most Americans that, from the beginning, the training of Filipinos for self-government and ultimate independence—the Malolos Republic was conveniently ignored—was an essential rationalization for U.S. hegemony in the islands. As an island country located in the Southeast Asia Pacific region, the Philippines is extremely vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. Upon signing the 1992 Earth Summit,[42] the government of Philippines has been constantly looking into many different initiatives to improve the environmental aspects of the country. The increasing number of intense droughts are reducing water levels and river flows and thus creating a shortage in water. [23] The Philippines, a signatory of the Paris climate accord, aims to cut its emissions by 70% by 2030. [33] Some of the problems caused by extreme climate events in agrarian areas that are prone to civil conflict that disproportionately affect women include loss of customary rights to land, forced migration, increased discrimination, resource poverty and food insecurity. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. [28] The country is consistently at risk from severe natural hazards including typhoons, floods, landslides, and drought. Large cities in the Philippines such as Manila, Quezon City, Cebu, and Davao City see an increased risk from both climate change and globalization.Double exposure, infrastructure planning, and urban climate resilience in coastal megacities: A case study of Manila|journal=Environment and Planning. We help Asian countries increase their environmental resilience. A decade of rapid economic growth has supported upward mobility and the expansion of the middle class in the Philippines. In January 2015, out of the 62.87 million Filipinos in the age group of 15 years and above, the labor force comprised 40.11 million. Though Philippines contributes a miniscule 0.24% to the total global emissions, it ranks among the top countries which is vulnerable to climate change. Some of these impacts include increased frequency and severity of natural disasters, sea level rise, extreme rainfall, global warming, resource shortages, and environmental degradation. Pollution is increasingly a concern. One of the most devastating typhoons that hit the Philippines in 2013 was Typhoon Haiyan, or "Yolanda," that killed over 10,000 people and destroyed over a trillion pesos worth of properties and damage to various sectors. It took a long time for the water to be drained especially in along Pasig. [13], The Philippines had a 2018 Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 5.91/10, ranking it 91st globally out of 172 countries. Yet, in the midst of rising temperatures, ocean acidification, the psychological effects of “eco-anxiety,” and cross-disciplinary debates about the Anthropocene, Dhillon finds hope. Currently, the Philippines' Department of Environment and Natural Resources has been busy tracking down illegal loggers and been spearheading projects to preserve the quality of many remaining rivers that are not yet polluted. The other environmental problems includes noise pollution and quarrying. [22] These natural disasters will also cause millions of dollars in damages to urban infrastructure like bridges and roads. The Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) is responsible for the formulation and implementation of policies, guidelines, and rules related to environmental management, as well as the management and conservation of the country’s natural resources. 45% of Philippines’ urban population lives in informal settlements with already weak infrastructure and are extremely vulnerable to flooding and typhoons. Antibiotic resistance and its wider implications present us with a growing healthcare crisis. But the air is still not clean in many places. Thus, the developing turbine structures are making generation of electricity from ocean energy economically and technologically advantageous.With proper research, tidal energy programs could become a feasible renewable energy source, replacing the need for fuel-based energy re… [20] According to a report in 2003, The Pasig River is one of the most polluted rivers in the world with 150 tons of domestic waste and 75 tons of industrial waste dumped daily. 3.Water—Companies around the world now face real limits on access to water. [32] This above average rainfall is associated with “more conflict related incidents and casualties”. [41] One of the initiatives signed in part of the strategy was the 1992 Earth Summit. [1] In March 2008, Manila Water announced that a wastewater treatment plant will be constructed in Taguig. Aside from national data, WHO also collected data from the major cities of participating countries. Other environmental problems that the country is facing include pollution, illegal mining and logging, deforestation, dynamite fishing, landslides, coastal erosion, wildlife extinction, global warming and climate change. Overview of the environmental issues in the Philippines, Agricultural production and civil conflict. Malnutrition increases. Typhoons (high winds) and heavy rainfall contribute to the destruction of crops, reduced soil fertility, altered agricultural productivity through severe flooding, increased runoff, and soil erosion. [22] Additionally, climate change will continue to increase the intensity of typhoons and tropical storms. The legal liability surrounding toxins can turn out to be virtually unlimited. [14], Due to industrial waste and automobiles, Manila suffers from air pollution,[15][16] affecting 98% of the population. [4] The national government recognized the problem and since 2004 has sought to introduce sustainable water resources development management (see below). This may affect the entire world and may vary from one country another. [18] According to Metro Manila Development Authority (MMDA), the country produces an average of 41 ktons of garbage daily with almost 10 ktons/day coming from Metro Manila alone. [22] Many freshwater coastal aquifers have seen saltwater intrusion which reduces the amount of freshwater available for use. Water pollution, deforestation, and improper waste disposal are the environmental problems of the Philippines. (2016). Global warming is a common environmental buzzword used in reference to environmental problems. U.S.-PHILIPPINES RELATIONS The United States established diplomatic relations with the Philippines in 1946. 4.Biodiversity and Land Use—Biodiversity preserves our food chain and the ecosystems on which all life depends. Global warming, which is linked to the emission of greenhouse gases, affects the planet in a variety of ways, including a reduction in water resources, the diminishing of certain ecosystems, glacial melting and the potential of plant and animal extinction. In addition, the country is surrounded by large bodies of water and facing the Pacific Ocean where 60% of the world's typhoons are made. Asia faces growing vulnerability to environmental problems, with severe consequences. However, in recent years, concerns have increased worldwide about the potential wide ranging direct and indirect health effects of the large scal … [26] Tied for being the strongest landfalling tropical typhoon on record, Typhoon Haiyan had wind speeds of over 300 km/h (almost 190 mph) which triggered major storm surges that wreaked havoc on many places in the country. These countries and cities are among the places that will be the worst hit [23] GHG is the leading cause of global climate change. 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